If we don’t have a job we use the phrase to apply for a job if we are out of work or if we are unemployed to say that we need to apply for the job so if someone who is looking for work is going to go out to apply for a job every day. That person may apply for more than one job every day because not having a job isn’t fun for a day or two but after that it’s good to find a job.
When a place of the business decides that they want us as a worker we would say that they are hiring us.
If we do something bad at work or if we do something wrong we can get fired. It is not good to get fired, it’s not fun to lose a job because we have bad job performance maybe we made a lot of mistakes. Maybe we don’t get along with our colleagues, and we are fighting all the time, and maybe we are just lazy and late for work, and we just don’t do the job well. There are many which can lead to you getting fired it’s not an enjoyable thing at all.
Sometimes we lose our job because they lay we off. Let’s say if a business has ten workers and the else are down whatever product the business is selling if the sales are down, so they might say we need to lay off some people. For example, if they are going to lay off some people they are going to say “we are going to lay off three people”. Notice that we used a number of variations of that word and phrase but definitely when we get laid off it’s not fun, and it’s quite difficult to find a new job in a short period of time. For example, this company sales were pretty low, so they laid off some people.
The phrase to be married to work goes along with the word workaholic. People meet some people, and then they fall in love and eventually get married, and then they spend the rest of their lives with them. They spend every waking moment together. Some people might feel married to their work. They spend so much time working, so it’s just like they are married to their term.
In English when we want to know what someone does or when we want to know what someone’s job is. We ask what we do for a living. We can also say what do we do for work, but we say the first sentence because the first one looks a little off. But generally, if we met someone we will say “Hey what do we do for a living?” For a younger person, we might say are we at school?
Your boss might ask you to work late. Your boss might also ask you to work on Saturday, for example, he can say hey! Can you come on Saturday morning we want to finish this project early? So basically he is asking you to work overtime, or can you work late tonight?
Sometimes you are asked. Hey! Can you come early? Most of us don’t like that question. You might rather work late or work on Saturday. This only happens if you are working on a job that gives you hourly. If you have a salary job your boss might ask this as well, but it wouldn’t be called overtime.
When you work overtime you get paid extra if you are paid a salary you might be asked to work late but if you are on an hourly wage and your boss ask you to work overtime or work late they might pay you extra which means you will get more money per hour.
Another thing you might get from your place to work is a bonus. So every year we might get a bonus at Christmas. We might get an envelope where when we look inside there are usually some restaurant coupons that can be used for your family to take them out on a nice dinner, or it can be money as a Christmas bonus. Some people get money as a bonus when they finish a job or a project early at work, they might get paid extra money.
A boss is a person who either owns the business or has been hired to be the boss. For example, if your uncle asks you to wash his car for the money then your uncle is your boss. So a boss at a place of work can be a person who owns the business, or it can be a person who has been hired to be a boss. It could be one or another.
If you work at a larger business you might have a supervisor or manager. If you work somewhere and there are only five or six people who work there, you probably would have a boss but if you work somewhere where there are fifty, a hundred or more than a hundred people you would probably have supervisors or managers. These are people who are kind of your boss but report to a bigger boss above them so if you look at the structure of a business the boss is at the higher rank and then supervisors and managers, and then they’re a lot of workers and employee at the bottom. The workers and employees don’t talk to the boss directly instead they have a manager or supervisor who is in charge of them, so it’s their job that you get their work done.
The people who you work with are called colleagues or coworkers. We might often use these words interchangeably. Colleague and coworker are completely changeable. If at a workplace you have thirty people then you will say that I work at a place where there are thirty colleagues or thirty workers.